The in house providing companies in the Italian legal system. The goal of privatisation and the effects of people’s will


This article prospects the dynamic phenomenon of the in house providing and analyses the extension that the related principle, forged by the European Courts, has had in the Italian system over the last decade, interpreting the main relevant trends of Italian Institutions, with the purpose of identifying the current rules governing this subject. Providing a general overview of the fragmented and, often, conflicting legislative relevant reforms, this work shows how the in house criteria, general principle for the carrying out of public services and instrumental services pursuant to European Law, has firstly become a secondary and residual criteria, due to legislative interventions pursuing the declared goal of privatization and reduction of public debt, and subsequently has returned back to its initial position as an effect of the referendum of 2011. In highlighting such fluid legislative scenario, a particular focus is given to the key role played by AGCM and by Italian Courts in such dynamic subject, whose decisions have not only helped to clear out the actual scope of the in house principle - despite of highly segmented laws - but also restored the compliance of Italian rules with the principles of European Law, protecting the will expressed by citizens with the referendum.


in house providing, services of economical general interest, privatization, liberalization, referendum

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Antitrust & Public Policies
ISSN: 2284-3272

Iscrizione al Tribunale di Roma n. 300, del 12 dicembre 2013, modificata con registrazione n. Reg. Certificati 216 bis/2019

Last issue published on December 30, 2019